Rinjani and Lake Segara Anak Wallpapers
Gunung Rinjani National Park and Lake Segara Anak Lombok IslandGunung Rinjani National Park and Lake Segara Anak Lombok Island is most beautiful scenery in the world, Gunung Rinjani National Park and Lake Segara Anak Lombok Island is one type of ecosystem with mountain rain forest and savannah on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. GRNP designated as National Parks through the Minister of Forestry Decree No.280/Kpts-II/1997.
Topography of Rinjani Mountain National Park Lombok IslandWith a wide breadth of the field 40.000hA although more than 41,000 ha. Topography of Rinjani Mountain National Park Lombok Island are on the mountain crater (2.800 meters above sea level) are killed by the eruption of the crater of Mount Rinjani is (estimated to occur in the time Plistosen 1.8 million years ago, Rinjani Mountain formed a vast lake (1.100hA) with beautiful scenery. The lake is called Lake Segara Anak, of the Sasak language means roughly Small Sea. Adequately describe the area of the lake. Lake water depth is estimated around 160m - 230m. Lake water temperature varied from the other side to the other side. The water of the lake there is a very strong sulfur smell so much like a very dangerous Moffet but those that smell like mountain water. In the middle of the lake Segara Anak up a new mountain called Mount New Finger. New Mount Jari is believed to grow taller every year. Average rainfall - average in this area is the location of the height of 2.000ml/year 550 - 3.726 meters above sea level.
Biodiversity of Rinjani Mountain National Park Lombok IslandBiodiversity of Rinjani Mountain National Park Lombok Island are have a variety of flora, among others; Nettles (Laportea stimulant), Dedurenan (Aglaea argentea), Bayur (Pterospermum Javanicum), Banyan (Ficus Benjamina), Jambu-jambuan (Syzygium sp) keruing (Dipterocarpus Hasseltii), Rerau (D. imbricatus) , Mountain Pine (Casuarina junghuniana) Eidelweis (Anaphalis Javanica) and several kinds of orchids that is endemic forest and P.Lombokensis Perisstylus Rinjaniensis. While the variety of fauna TNGR is owned by, among others; Weasel Rinjani (Paradoxurus Hemaprhoditus Rinjanicus), Deer (Muntiacus muntjak Nainggolani), ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus Kohlbruggei), Pangolin (Manis javanicus), Horn Cikukua bird (Philemon Buceroides Neglectus), Dawah Forests (Ducula Lacernulata Sasakensis), black nape orioles (Oriolus Chinensis Broderipii) and several species of reptiles plus a number of freshwater fish species that live in the lake Segara Anak, among others, Oreochromis mossambicus and carp.
Lake Segara Anak in Gunung Rinjani National Park Lombok IslandLake Segara Anak in Gunung Rinjani National Park Lombok Island is most beautiful scenery in the world, Lake Segara Anak in Gunung Rinjani National Park Lombok Island is a lake formed in the caldera of Mount Rinjani, a lake located at an altitude of 3775 meters above sea level. This lake scenery is amazing and very beautiful so many external and domestic tourists and climb Mount Rinjani bendatangan to witness the beauty of Lake TSB. Segara Anak lake which covers 1100 ha with a depth of 230 m and the topography is 2010 meters above sea level, the lake they will be a lot of fish. Many people come to it not only bath and beauty of nature is menyakisikan to fishing but also at the same time. In the middle of a lake formed in New Cone called New Mount Rinjani volcano or the children, whose height is 2376 meters above sea level. Rinjani mountain erupted the last time in 2004.
Lake Segara Anak in Gunung Rinjani National Park Lombok Island is most beautiful scenery in the world surface water of the lake at an altitude of 2003 meters above sea level was much warmer than room temperature. This is the magic of the lake Segara Anak, which is one of the largest volcanic lake of hot water in the world. Average temperature of the surface water of Lake Segara Anak 20-22 degrees celsius. The water temperature is much warmer than room temperature 14-15 degrees celsius. Wonders of the lake in the caldera of Mount Rinjani which has a volume of up to 1.02 cubic kilometer is intriguing number of experts. In 2008-2009, researchers of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) and Université Libre de Bruxelles conduct geochemical and thermodynamic studies on the Segara Anak. The results, found the hot water (hydrothermal) of the magma chamber heating that goes into Lake Segara Anak. Lake surface temperatures well above room temperature, which is unusual for this altitude, reflecting the large supply of the hydrothermal fluid. Supply of hot water into the lake were identified from the geochemical composition of the hydrothermal showing the number of elements, such as clorid, sodium, potassium, and sulfate.
Lake Segara Anak in Gunung Rinjani National Park Lombok Island is most beautiful scenery in the world although it contains many elements of the hydrothermal chemistry, lake with a maximum depth of 230 meters has very good water cycle, thus the lake water is safe for humans. Thus, hydrothermal elements that go into the lake through a leak around the cone Barujari system does not settle to the bottom of the lake and harmful to life. Rain water that enters the lake also helps thin the content of chemical elements. The study also found that the lake water is a mixture of hydrothermal and rainwater. Lake water circulation takes place when the density of surface water is higher than at the base. Water with a high density layer of water will hit the bottom so the water moves upward and downward moving surface. Water circulation process is ongoing so that well-mixed water conditions. Water with such good circulation, and the acidity of the neutral condition, suitable for breeding fish.
Lake Segara Anak in Gunung Rinjani National Park Lombok Island is most beautiful scenery in the world, volcanologists from Directorate of Geology (Bandung), Kama Kusumadinata, which researching this lake in 1969, recommends cultivation of fish in the lake it. At that time there has been no fish habitat in Lake Segara Anak. In 1985, West Nusa Tenggara provincial government finally sowing the seeds of fish in this lake. Currently, tilapia fish species breed rapidly and amounted to millions and making a living from some residents. Head of Post Monitoring Mount Rinjani in Sembalun Mutaharlim witness ecological changes in Rinjani. He first climbed Rinjani in 1980. At that time there has been no fish in the lake, but a lot of grouse in the lake and the deer in the woods Rinjani. At that time, along the route often see a big deer. In those days, not many people who hike to the lake. After the fish stocked in 1985, then more and more people are climbing into the lake.
Myth of Lake Segara Anak Gunung RinjaniMyth of Lake Segara Anak Gunung Rinjani are Gunung Rinjani holds some mysteries. One of the biggest mysteries is Dewi Anjani. Dewi Anjani is supposedly a direct descendant of King Selaparang result of the King's marriage with delicate creatures who live on Mount Rinjani when he begged the rain to the area because of the long drought that plagued the royal Selaparang at that time. That's why until now the people of Sasak and Hindu Dharma on the island of Lombok is often a ritual Mulang Pekelem the ritual to invoke the rain god Dewi Anjani by giving a gold plate in the form of all sorts of creatures thrown into the water by the lake Segara Anak. Gunung Rinjani National Park and Lake Segara Anak Lombok Island is most beautiful scenery in the world.
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